Why Do Women Experience More Migraines During Their Periods?

Why Do Women Experience More Migraines During Their Periods?

While both men and women can experience migraines, women are more prone to this debilitating condition, especially during their menstrual cycles. In this blog post, we will explore the reasons why women experience more migraines during their periods and how hormones, particularly estrogen, play a crucial role in triggering these menstrual migraines.

1. Understanding Menstrual Migraines

1.1 What are Menstrual Migraines?

Menstrual migraines, also known as hormone headaches, are a specific type of migraine that occurs right before or during a woman's menstrual period. These migraines can last for days and are often intensified by factors such as movement, light, smells, or sound. It is estimated that 70% of individuals who experience migraines are women, and among them, 60% to 70% report a connection between their menstruation and migraine attacks.

1.2 The Role of Estrogen

Estrogen, one of the two main sex hormones in women, plays a critical role in controlling the menstrual cycle, bone health, and various bodily tissues. The levels of estrogen in a woman's body fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle, reaching their highest just before ovulation and dropping to their lowest during menstruation. These fluctuations in estrogen levels are closely linked to the occurrence of menstrual migraines.

1.3 Menstrual Migraines vs. Other Types of Migraines

Menstrual migraines are specifically triggered by a drop in estrogen levels, setting them apart from other types of migraines that can be triggered by various factors like stress, caffeine, or dietary changes. This distinctive trigger makes menstrual migraines a unique condition with its treatment and management approaches.

2. The Relationship Between Hormones and Headaches

2.1 Estrogen Fluctuations and Headaches

The drop in estrogen levels just before the onset of menstruation is a key factor contributing to menstrual migraines. As estrogen levels decrease, some individuals experience headaches or migraines as a result.

2.2 Hormone Medications and Migraines

Hormonal medications such as birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy can also influence the frequency and intensity of migraines. While some individuals may find relief from migraines with hormonal contraceptives, others may experience worsened headaches due to fluctuations in hormone levels.

3. Managing Menstrual Migraines

3.1 Treatments for Menstrual Migraines

There are various treatments available for menstrual migraines, including:

  • Ice or cold packs to alleviate pain
  • Relaxation exercises and biofeedback to reduce stress-triggered migraines
  • Acupuncture to relieve headaches and induce relaxation
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers such as NSAIDs or triptans for pain relief
  • Anti-nausea medications to treat migraines accompanied by nausea
  • Preventive supplements such as Complete PMS or The Migraine Gummy which are plant base preventatives.

3.2 Lifestyle Changes

In addition to medical treatments, lifestyle changes can be effective in managing menstrual migraines. Reducing stress, maintaining regular meal schedules, and engaging in regular exercise are examples of lifestyle modifications that may help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines.


Menstrual migraines are a common and distressing condition experienced by many women. The close relationship between estrogen fluctuations and migraines underscores the importance of understanding hormonal influences on headaches. By recognizing the triggers and employing appropriate treatments and lifestyle changes, women can better manage menstrual migraines and improve their quality of life.

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